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Tughlaqabad
October 7, 2012

Tughlaqabad fort, now predominantly ruins overgrown with vegetation, lies just outside of Delhi and was constructed in the 14th century by Ghias-ud-din Tughlaq. The fort contains areas for the royal residency, many towers, wells, a hall of public audience, markets and more. Tughlaqabad was abandoned a few years after its construction, but remains historically significant as the fifth historical city of Delhi. The king's mausoleum lies a few dozen yards outside the walls of the fort.

tags: Delhi Sultanate, Historic Delhi

location: Haryana, India

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DSCN2314
October 7, 2012

This plot of ginger and tumeric with interspersed marigold plants demonstrates Naydanya's approach to organic farming that stresses biodiversity and alternative pest control. Marigold acts as a natural pest deterrent. While organic farming can be more labor intensive than chemical farming, it can produce higher yields, healthier soil and water, and a generally more resilient range of crops.

tags: Environment, Development, Food Security, Water Security, Ecosystems: Balance and Imbalance, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Population Impact, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

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(Re)searching cows in Banaras: Ajay the milk man
October 7, 2012

Ajay runs a small dairy operation in Assi Ghat. He owns 70 cows and buffaloes, and milks them twice each day. The bovines spend the rest of their time rummaging through the streets of Banaras and find their way back to Ajay's for food and clean(er) water.

tags: Environment, Development, Food Security, Private Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching cows in Banaras: Cows cool off in the shade
October 7, 2012

Ajay lives with his extended family beside the bovines. The farm has been in the same location in the same family for at least three generations. Ajay claimed that he has kept the same practices as his ancestors and continues to use unprocessed feed, despite the emergence of more expensive fortified formulas for his cows and buffaloes.

tags: Environment, Development, Food Security, Social Development, Private Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Durga Puja Pandal
October 7, 2012

The Durga Puja sweeps the neighborhoods of Varanasi every year and invites Banarasis to join in on the festivities late into the night for one week. The city becomes full of life as temporary temples, pandals, gather flocks of Hindus to admire their display of intricately adorned dieties. The festival celebrates when the Hindu goddess Durga was invited back home.

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Festivals, Varanasi, Pandals, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Young India Project, Andhra Pradesh
October 7, 2012

While the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), implemented in 2005, provides much-needed labor to the rural poor, some are also claiming that the government scheme is hurting local landowners who must compete with the government for low-wage agricultural laborers. At this farm mango trees and other crops are fed by rain collected in trenches dug by MGNREGA workers, who can earn up to Rs.121 for each day of work.

tags: Development, Social Development, Poverty/Wealth, Financial Development, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Andhra Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching cows in Banaras: Buffaloes chained for their daily milking
October 7, 2012

While he has less bovines than Ajay, Ashish sells a larger amount of milk since he acts as a middleman for larger dairy operations outside of Banaras. The outside of his facility is completely nondescript and he told me that he relies solely on mouth-to-mouth advertisement for his business.

tags: Environment, Development, Food Security, Neighborhood Development, Private Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching cows in Banaras: A curious face emerges from Ashish's dairy in Assi Ghat
October 7, 2012

Ashish is unique in that he kept his animals indoors. The smell was overwhelming the first time I stepped into the dark interior of the complex as flies swarmed around piles of dung and one cow nearly urinated on my foot. Ashish's family lives upstairs in the same building as the bovine.

tags: Environment, Development, Food Security, Private Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching cows in Banaras: Calves wait for their mothers to be done being milked
October 7, 2012

The bovines must be impregnanted every year in order for them to continue lactating and remain profitable. For milking the cows and buffaloes Ajay allows takes place and space into careful consideration. He allows the calves to drink their mother's milk for a short time before pulling them away and tying or chaining them up within sight of their mothers while he collects the milk to sell.

tags: Environment, Development, Social Development, Private Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Population Impact, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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