select entries.user_id, entries.title, entries.latitude, entries.longitude, entries.description, entries.flickr_thumb_url, entries.entry_date, entries.type, entries.entry_identifier, entries.id from entries, trip_users where trip_users.trip_id=4 and trip_users.user_id=entries.user_id and entries.active='yes' and entries.trip_id=4 order by entries.entry_date desc

India, Fall 2011

August 29 - December 31, 2011

Lewis & Clark Overseas program to India, fall semester 2011, led by Dell Smith and Katie Walter.

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Marigolds
October 7, 2012

This picture was taken at Navdanya, a seed-saving bank that teaches about biodiversity organic farming. In this picture, marigolds are surrounding the fields with different crops. The marigolds are used as a natural insect repellent by attracting bugs which would normally eat the crops.

tags: Environment, Food Security, Water Security, Ecosystems: Balance and Imbalance

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

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Textile Walla
October 7, 2012

The Dilli Haat is a bazaar in New Delhi where merchants set up shop for two weeks at a time, in a rotation throughout the year. Many come from rural areas, like Kashmir, because of the economic opportunities provided by Delhi's high amount of global tourist traffic. A shopper finds a range of quality cloths, jewelry and other assorted goods at a reasonable price, upon paying the 20 rupee entry fee. (more...)

tags: Development, Social Development, Poverty/Wealth, Financial Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Delhi Friends, Delhi and Modernity

location: New Delhi, Delhi, India

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Fatehpuh Sikri Palace
October 7, 2012

This is one view of the Fatehpuh Sikri Palace built by the great Mughal emperor Akbar. For 14 years it served at the capital for the Mughal empire. Made out of red standstone, the architectural style is typical of this Mughal period. Today it is a populat tourist destination, though not as popular as the operational mosque next door.

tags: Mughal Empire, Historic Delhi

location: Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Qtub Minar
October 7, 2012

Located in New Delhi, the Qtub Minar at a little over 237 feet is the tallest Minar in India. Construction started in 1193 under the reign of Qtub-ud-din-Aibak, the first Delhli Sultan. Although minars are often constructed for calling Muslims to prayer, the height of the Qtub Minar suggests another purpose--use your imagination. Next to the Qtub Minar are the ruins of a congregational Mosque that at some point was assigned the name of Quwwat-ul-Islam. (more...)

tags: Delhi Sultanate, Historic Delhi

location: New Delhi, Delhi, India

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The Astronomer's Seat
October 7, 2012

Built in 1570 Fatehpur Sikri was Sultan Akbar's personal palace and city. He constructed this city to act as his personal domain away from his advisers in Delhi who had been controlling him since he assume the throne at age 13. At Fatehpur Akbar was able to develop his own religious and political ideologies by inviting scholars and philosophers to debate and converse with him. This structure is specifically referred to as the Astronomer's seat, but this is probably not historically accurate. (more...)

tags: Mughal Empire, Historic Delhi

location: Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Saket market
October 7, 2012

The Delhi Mandi market system, of which Saket market is a small component, is a system of markets that take place on particular nights in different areas of New Delhi. This particular market is open every Monday. Farmers from surrounding areas bring their goods to the market, which are then available to, and purchased by, the wide variety of people that inhabit that neighborhood. (more...)

tags: Environment, Food Security, Delhi and Modernity, Delhi Neighborhood Culture

location: New Delhi, Delhi, India

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Dehra Dun potter
October 7, 2012

Not far from our base at the Navdanya farm in Dehra Dun lives this well established potter. We visited him one afternoon at his house which also serves as his studio. All of his work is biodegradable, and then either fired in a kiln or sundried. One of his primary products are small teacups, which are only used once before being tossed to the ground. They typically break down within three days. Here he proudly displays a dish-turned-hookah-bowl one of the students helped create.

tags: Environment, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

view in Flickr


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DSCN1115
October 7, 2012

Varansi is a crowded city, filled with celebration this time of year. Power outages are common here, because of all the lights strung up for the Ramila festival. But at night the squares are filled with bright colors.

tags: Festivals, Varanasi, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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DSCN1316
October 7, 2012

This is the Assi Ghat in Varanasi. It is one of the largest ghats, and has been mentioned in several pieces of early Hindu literature. It is considered one of the more holy and popular ghats. For this reason, many pilgrims come here to take their holy dip in the Ganges. The space accommodates these pilgrims with a very wide staircase leading down, and much empty space on the river's side.

The ghats were built in Varanasi over the two millenia following 800 BCE. (more...)

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Private Development, Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities, Ganga Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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Rice fields at Navdanya
October 7, 2012

This is one of the rice fields at Navdanya farm. The food is all grown organically. Navdanya dries many of their crops when they are ready; they then pick out the seeds, and store those seeds in their seed bank. These seeds are then distributed to farmers in order to encourage them to grow organically.

tags: Environment, Development, Food Security, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, NGO Development

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

view in Flickr


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Yamuna Aarti, Keshi Ghat, Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh
October 7, 2012

Keshi Ghat was part of mansions constructed along the Yamuna river in the early 17th century by the Raja and Rani of Bharatpur. These palaces followed a tradition of royal investment and patronage in Vrindavan that took place soon after the locale was "rediscovered" by Chaitanya Mahabrabhu, a Bengali saint, who came to this unoccupied area to identify the places where the Hindu Lord Krishna lived, played and accomplished great feats 5000 years ago. (more...)

tags: Environment, Water Security, Rituals, Mughal Empire, Historic Delhi, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities

location: Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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Navdanya, Dehradun, Uttarkhand, India
October 7, 2012

This a picture of two of the eight varmi-compost pits at the Navdanya seed bank in Dehradun. Along with varmi-composting, Navdanya also employs several other composting methods. The varmi-compost process is the quickest of all the composting processes, taking only 45 days to mature a batch of fully functional compost. The practice consists of laying down a bed of cow manure in a concrete pit which is full of earth worms. (more...)

tags: Environment, Food Security, Ecosystems: Balance and Imbalance, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

view in Flickr


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Yamuna Aarti
October 7, 2012

Our group of Lewis & Clark travelers joined 30 or so Vrindaban residents and spiritual seekers in their nightly Aarti on the banks of the river Yamuna. An Aarti is an ancient traditional Hindu ceremony of worship for a diety involving candles and lamps as offerings. Aartis originate from the Vedic fire ritual Homa. Each Aarti is conducted differently depending on location and the diety to which it is devoted. (more...)

tags: Rituals, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities

location: Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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DSCN0076
October 7, 2012

This structure is a part of the palace city Fatehpur Sikri, which was built in 1570 by the Mugal emperor, Akbar. Akbar decided that he wanted to move his capital in India from Agra to Sikri and thus began building Fatehpur. In this picture you see the Panch Mahal, where Akbar would sit on the very top tier and look out over his city, in the evenings for the cool breeze, and at night for the beautiful view of the moonlight. In each of the 5 tiers of this building a different party sat. (more...)

tags: Mughal Empire, Historic Delhi

location: Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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DSCN1105
October 7, 2012

This tree was socially constructed in the Bhagavata Purana, which tells the story of a time when Krishna steals the clothes of the Gopis as they bathe in the river. In order to get their clothes back, the Gopis must come uncovered and unashamed to Krishna, who is waiting for them in a tree.

The story was physically placed in Vrindavan by the Vaisnava reformers at the beginning of the 16th century, who decided that this tree was the one described in the Bhagavata Purana. (more...)

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities

location: Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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Navdanya
October 7, 2012

This chicken farm is owned by a local farmer in Dera Dhun. All of these chickens are raised within 3 months and sold for meat consumption. This farm is not part of the Navdanya consortium of organic farms. It takes about 3 years for a farm to transition to completely organic. Even then, it isn't necessarily certified organic.

tags: Environment, Development, Food Security, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, NGO Development

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

view in Flickr


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Brahmanal
October 7, 2012

This scene takes place on the Manikarnika ghat in Brahmanal neighborhood. It is Varanasi's main cremation ghat. This is a very common ritual in Varanasi. Men carry bodies draped in gold and orange fabric on their shoulder's down the long narrow lanes chanting. Once at the ghat, bodies are burned and their ashes sent swirling into the Ganga. It is an incredible sight to see and shows how death is a natural part of Varanasi's culture.

tags: Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture, Ganga Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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Bringing Durga to the River
October 7, 2012

At the end of Durga Pooja all of the temporary temples are dismantled and the images of the deities are carried down to the river where they will be cast back into the waters of the mother Ganga, just like the ashes of the dead here also are. This way they can return to the ocean and complete the cycle of life and death - returning next year to once again defeat the demon king. The procession is lit up and loud dance music accompanies the cars. (more...)

tags: Festivals, Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture, Ganga Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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Metalworker
October 7, 2012

This man was doing metal work in his shop at the Chauk in Varanasi. He and his fellow shop keeper worked on separate pieces- one was Hindi and one was Islamic. These metal plates would be used to decorate homes and were ordered and then picked up at a later date from the shop. The narrow streets of the chauk are hosts to many different kinds of businesses including sweets, silks, and metalworkers.

tags: Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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Navdanya
October 7, 2012

This photo was taken at Navdanya Farm, a seed farm owned by Vandana Shiva. Here, a woman is working in a ginger root field that is also home to other crops. Biodiversity is one of the ways that Navdanya ensures that disease and pests don't damage the crops. Behind the farm is a forest full of leaves that can be used for feeding cows. While it is illegal to take the leaves from these odd looking trees a few days before this photo was taken men were spotted gathering them.

tags: Environment, Food Security, Ecosystems: Balance and Imbalance, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes

location: Forest Research Institute & College Area, Uttarakhand, India

view in Flickr


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Lodi Gardens
October 7, 2012

This is a picture of Sheesh Gumbad in Lodi Gardens. It was built during the 15th century under the Lodi Sultans in Delhi. It is surrounded by a variety of other tombs in Lodi Gardens also built by these Sultans to house the bodies of their deceased. Currently, Lodi Gardens and Sheesh Gumbad are used as recreational areas. The Gardens are well maintained areas where people can walk, picnic, and explore. (more...)

tags: Historic Delhi, Delhi and Modernity

location: New Delhi, Delhi, India

view in Flickr


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Banaras Ramlila
October 7, 2012

For one month every year, Banaras becomes the main stage for Ramlila, or the play of Ram, "play" being the key term here. Ramlila is not considered theater or any form of reenactment. Participants believe that the events are actually taking place in front of them - Banaras is transformed into ancient cities such as Lanka and Ayodya, while children actors are considered vessels for the gods and treated as divine. (more...)

tags: Festivals, Varanasi, Culture and Religion, Ram lilas

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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Ramlila in Kabir Chaura
October 7, 2012

This is a picture of the Ramlila done in the neighborhood of Kabir Chaura. Ramlila is a production depicting the story of Ram, which lasts from 7 to 31 days depending on where it is preformed. This practice is around 230 years old, and still happens every year. All the actors are dressed up in intricate costumes in the center of the picture, with a circle of musicians and singers gathered in the bottom left corner of the picture providing the music. (more...)

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Theatre, Varanasi, Rituals, Delhi Sultanate, Historic Delhi, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture, Ram lilas

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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Arch near the Qutub Minar
October 7, 2012

This is an arch within the Qutub Minar complex in Delhi. Qutub-ud-din Aibak, the first sultan of Delhi, initiated the construction of the Qutub Minar in the 13th century. Since many rulers after him continued construction of the Qutub Minar and surrounding areas, scholars cannot date which ruler is responsible for the construction of this arch. In this picture you can see many intricate carvings, including lines from the Quran. (more...)

tags: Delhi Sultanate, Historic Delhi, Culture and Religion

location: New Delhi, Delhi, India

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Potter in Dehru Dun
October 7, 2012

This potter of Dehru Dun creates small, disposable cups for chai and Diwali as well as larger, fired pots. He must bike 15 kilometers to get wood for firing. As seen here, he uses a wooden rod to keep his wheel spinning.

tags: Environment, Poverty/Wealth, Population Impact, Social Issues/Civil Society, Art & Photography, Culture and Religion

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

view in Flickr


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Lodi Gardens in Delhi
October 7, 2012

Lodi Gardens' 90 acres boasts the function of both a serene public space and a historical site protected by the Archeological Survey of India. It contains tombs and architecture constructed by the Sayyid and Lodis in the 15th century. Two villages surrounding the tombs were displaced by the British Raj to create "Lady Willington Park" surrounding the tombs which was renamed "Lodi Gardens" after Independence.

tags: Politics, Environment, Development, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Public Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Historic Delhi, Delhi and Modernity, Post-Independence Delhi, Delhi Neighborhood Culture

location: New Delhi, Delhi, India

view in Flickr


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Ramnagar Fort, Varanasi
October 7, 2012

Here, the Ramnagar Fort is used for Ramlila procession and festivities. Government officials mount the elephants to be transported to a Ramlila scene (Ramlila is an annual, city-wide play dedicated to Ram). The Fort also includes a museum that houses the royal collection of vintage cars, swords, clocks, and was originally the home of the Banares Maharaja.

tags: Politics, Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society, Festivals, Varanasi, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities, Ram lilas, Ganga Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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DSCN5844
October 7, 2012

During the burning of Ravan, I was tense and very aware of sense of space. The crowds were thick and they had a more rambunctious feeling than most we have experienced. It was also a loving crowd. There was a sense of community building and appreciation for a common spectacle.

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Festivals, Varanasi, Rituals, Historic Delhi, Culture and Religion, Ram lilas

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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DSCN5646
October 7, 2012

Navdana was my first experience working on an organic farm. Our tasks included picking rocks out of rice, shelling seeds from their pods, weeding, sweeping and other helpful things around the farm.

tags: Education, Environment, Development, Food Security, Water Security, Ecosystems: Balance and Imbalance, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

view in Flickr


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NavdanyaMB
October 7, 2012

While staying at Navdanya, an organic farm near Dehradun, we spent time at local farms. This is a chicken farm we had the privilege of visiting. Despite its proximity to Navdanya, this farm is not part of the Navdanya team and is not certified organic. Chicken farming did not seem as pleasant as growing grain or flowers, but it has its perks. A chicken can be sold in a mere three months rather than the lengthier and varying period of crop turn over.

tags: Health, Environment, Food Security, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

view in Flickr


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DSCN5156
October 7, 2012

tags: Environment, Development, Private Development, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Delhi and Modernity, Post-Independence Delhi, Delhi Neighborhood Culture

location: New Delhi, Delhi, India

view in Flickr


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October 7, 2012

On our walk through Sonapura, we ducked into a narrow alleyway predominantly inhabited by silk weavers. Through the windows we could see looms and those who worked at them as well as storehouses for the products that had been produced. The entire alleyway seemed to be dedicated to the work and home life of these people. (more...)

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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October 7, 2012

The Taj Mahal was built by mogul emperor Shah Jahan between 1632 and 1653. He built it as a tomb for his deceased wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj's pristine semetry was an innovative architectural concept in the mogul time period. These days, it is often described as the "jewel of India" and is said to represent passionate love and devotion. After Professor Kumar's description of Shah Jahan's playboy-like ways, I find myself questioning these sentiments. (more...)

tags: Mughal Empire, Historic Delhi, Delhi and Modernity

location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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Tughlaqabad
October 7, 2012

Tughlaqabad fort, now predominantly ruins overgrown with vegetation, lies just outside of Delhi and was constructed in the 14th century by Ghias-ud-din Tughlaq. The fort contains areas for the royal residency, many towers, wells, a hall of public audience, markets and more. Tughlaqabad was abandoned a few years after its construction, but remains historically significant as the fifth historical city of Delhi. The king's mausoleum lies a few dozen yards outside the walls of the fort.

tags: Delhi Sultanate, Historic Delhi

location: Haryana, India

view in Flickr


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DSCN2314
October 7, 2012

This plot of ginger and tumeric with interspersed marigold plants demonstrates Naydanya's approach to organic farming that stresses biodiversity and alternative pest control. Marigold acts as a natural pest deterrent. While organic farming can be more labor intensive than chemical farming, it can produce higher yields, healthier soil and water, and a generally more resilient range of crops.

tags: Environment, Development, Food Security, Water Security, Ecosystems: Balance and Imbalance, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Population Impact, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

view in Flickr


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Ravidas Gate, Banaras, Uttrapradesh, India
October 7, 2012

Ravidas Gate sits at the intersection of Nagwa and BHU road in the Lanka neighborhood. Ravidas Gate receives almost all the traffic traveling through the busy Lanka neighborhood and overlooks the bustling traffic circle. At the side of Ravidas, a temporary temple or pandal is erected for the Durga Puja Festival. Visitors visit the Ravidas Gate pandal to view a depiction of the goddess Durga slaying the demon king Ravana. (more...)

tags: Music, Festivals, Varanasi, Rituals, Pandals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture, Ganga Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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Red Gerbera Daisies
October 7, 2012

Near the Navdanya seed farm in Dehradun, there is a farmer who grows red gerbera daisies. These flowers are often used in Indian weddings due to the significance of red in the ceremony. This farmer used to work at Navdanya before starting his own organic flower farm. In addition to growing these and other flowers in greenhouse climate-control tents, he also has a field that is also organic.

tags: Environment, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

view in Flickr


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Durga Puja
October 7, 2012

The Durga Puja festival is an annual festival that is dedicated to the goddess Durga who defeated Mahishasura, a buffalo demon who could be killed by no man. The festival consists of the construction of many pandals (temporary temples) around Varanasi that house statues of Durga and Mahishasura along with other gods and goddesses. Depending on the wealth of the communities that fund each pandal, the size and detail of the statues differs. (more...)

tags: Festivals, Varanasi, Pandals, Culture and Religion

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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Tughlaqabad
October 7, 2012

Tughlaqabad was constructed in 1321 by the Delhi sultan, Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq. Tughlaq was a general who ascended to the sultanate after the death of his master. He immediately began building Tughlaqabad, which consisted of a citadel, larger surrounding palace, and a large city outside of that. Tughlaqabad was constructed so that the citadel could be protected against the palace, and the palace against the city. (more...)

tags: Delhi Sultanate, Historic Delhi

location: New Delhi, Delhi, India

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Village family
October 7, 2012

This village family lives 5 km outside of Rishikesh on the slopes of a steep valley. They live in a simple concrete house where they grow rice in the carefully terraced land outside. The mother, no older than 25, has 5 children. She works by harvesting the rice, drying the stalks, then carrying giant bushels on her head down to town to sell as cow feed. Their father is a bus driver. (more...)

tags: Environment, Development, Social Development, Poverty/Wealth, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

view in Flickr


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(Re)searching Ganga worship and pollution in Banaras: Evening Arti
October 7, 2012

While this is a fairly new addition to Ganga worship in Varanasi, it is still quite powerful to watch. Hundreds of people from Varanasi and all over the world come to Dashashwamedh ghat to take part of this ritual.

tags: Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture, Ganga Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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(Re)searching Ganga worship and pollution in Banaras: Assi Ghat
October 7, 2012

Behind the ghats you find a maze of windy alleyways with an industry that supports Ganga Worship. This picture shows stalls behind Assi Ghat that sell plastic bottles for people to collect the holy Ganga water to bring home. These industries show how rituals devoted to nature worship are a large part of Varanasi culture.

tags: Environment, Development, Neighborhood Development, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture, Ganga Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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(Re)searching Ganga worship and pollution in Banaras: Women performing Ganga rituals
October 7, 2012

Here I came across a women going through the ritual that she does every day to show her respect for the Ganga. First she touches forhead to the water and lifts a fistful of water to sun. She then gives offerings of sandelwood, lanterns, and flowers. She then fills a bottle of water from the river to bring home.

tags: Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture, Ganga Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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(Re)searching in Banaras
October 7, 2012

The ghats serve as a nerve center for the city. People gather here for all sorts of activities such as sleeping, eating, or washing dishes. The scene here shows some men taking their daily bath in the Ganga while others clean there dishes and do their laundry.

tags: Health, Environment, Water Security, Ecosystems: Balance and Imbalance, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture, Ganga Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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(Re)searching Ganga worship and pollution in Banaras: Shiva Lingam
October 7, 2012

Varanasi is Shiva's city. As part of Ganga worship rituals, often people take mud from the banks to create these Shiva Lingams.

tags: Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture, Ganga Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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(Re)searching Ganga worship and pollution in Banaras: Trash along the banks of the Ganga
October 7, 2012

Trash lines the steps of Assi ghat. This scene is inconsistent with the rituals that are being performed only yards away. From an outsider's perspective, it seems strange that those who call the river their mother can throw trash into her at the same time.

tags: Health, Environment, Development, Water Security, Ecosystems: Balance and Imbalance, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture, Ganga Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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(Re)searching Community and Commerce in Madanpura: view of Madanpura from atop one of its many 6 story brick towers
October 7, 2012

Madanpura is distinguished at a distance only by its tall 5 story buildings. These buildings are as all buildings in Banaras, made of brick. Densely constructed, hardly 5 feet separate each of these towers. The thin alleys which weave through Madanpura are like the dark forest floors of tropical rain forests, hardly any light pierces through the thick canopy of brick and concrete above. (more...)

tags: Environment, Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Financial Development, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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(Re)searching Community and Commerce in Madanpura: comparison of a weaver's home to a wholesaler's
October 7, 2012

Located in the geographic center of Madanpura lies the largest house in sight. In stark contrast to the towers which house the weavers and their families this building is not made of sharp corners and exposed brick but of smooth modern lines, contemporary glass windows, and a polished finish. This building, as tall as the others, stands quite literally apart. (more...)

tags: Environment, Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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(Re)searching Community and Commerce in Madanpura: a dyer lifts a saree that has been soaking in boiling dye to be moved to the dryer
October 7, 2012

Abdul is 27 years old and has been managing the family dying business for the last 15 years. Adbul told me that his workers earn approximately 3,000 Rs a month, near half that of Nassir’s weavers. Like the weavers, the dyers too usually occupy the ground floor of a residential building. The walls are shelved with powdered dye, chemical bonding agents, and tanks of propane. (more...)

tags: Environment, Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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(Re)searching Community and Commerce in Madanpura: a young child and a middle aged man work together to weave a brilliant blue saree
October 7, 2012

The type of small silk factory I observed in Madanpura held 5 or 6 looms and employed 12 to 18 weavers. Children as young as 5 years old diligently work the looms, often accompanied by an older more experienced worker to instruct and discipline them accordingly. All weavers, young and old, work 12 hour shifts and the looms are never idle. The weavers are all part of the owner’s extended family and are paid by the meter. (more...)

tags: Environment, Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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(Re)searching Community and Commerce in Madanpura: a small factory owner and helpful informant
October 7, 2012

This is Nassir. He is my informant. This is his sister's roof. Nassir is a muslim weaver living in the neighborhood of Madanpura, a neighborhood of muslim weavers. Nassir owns a factory of about 5 looms and 15 workers. Nassir has many contacts throughout Madanpura and through his own answers, and residents he put me in touch with, I was able to being constructing an image of the workings of Madanpura.

tags: Environment, Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

view in Flickr


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(Re)searching Women & Education in Banaras
October 7, 2012

The majority of my interviews took place at NIRMAN's Nagwa campus, an alternative school striving to provide quality modern education with art and music to children of all economic backgrounds. These are some of the wall decorations of the kindergarten classroom, home to a teacher that served as my primary informant. While she is still a young teacher of 24, she offered great insight as to how her upbringing and education has shaped her life. (more...)

tags: Gender Issues, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Sanitation and Worship in Banaras: Assi
October 7, 2012

This is a street in the neighborhood of Assi in Banaras where I conducted my research. There are pockets of trash on the sides of this street. Many of the homes have a clean stretch just outside of the home's threshold where the garbage has been cleaned away by the family and swept clean. (more...)

tags: Environment, Development, Neighborhood Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Public Development, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Sanitation and Worship in Banaras: Ganesha Shrine
October 7, 2012

This is a shrine within the home of a family in Assi, a neighborhood in Banaras. My research led me into homes in Assi to see how the home's role as a space of worship changes the family's perception of it. I found that having a shrine in Hindu homes is important because the gods/goddesses are believed to reside in those shrines and keep the house pure.

tags: Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Sanitation and Worship in Banaras: Hanuman Shrine/Tulsi Plant
October 7, 2012

This shrine and tulsi plant were part of a courtyard at a home that I visited in Assi, a neighborhood in Banaras. I found that every home that I visited in the neighborhood had a tulsi plant. I was told that the plant is worshiped as a goddess every day by sprinkling water on it after the family member takes a bath. The plant is a symbol of purity and the family's strong morals. The plant is also used as a medicine and is believed to cure cancer and leprosy in many cases. (more...)

tags: Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Assi, Banaras
October 7, 2012

This is a street in Assi, a neighborhood in Banaras, where I interviewed families about the cleanliness of their home and the garbage on the streets outside. The alley-like street is only cleaned once a week if at all by the government agency Nagar Nigam, and only one family on the street cleans at all outside of their homes.

tags: Environment, Development, Social Development, Neighborhood Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Public Development, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Sanitation and Worship in Banaras: Sri Rama Janakie Mat
October 7, 2012

This is a mat and temple in Assi, a neighborhood in Banaras. A mat is similar to a Hindu monastery where mohants (translates to worshipers) live and teach various forms of Sanskrit to students who also live in the building. The first floor of the building is a temple to Rama and I spoke to the manager of the temple about temple sanitation and sanitation outside of the building. (more...)

tags: Environment, Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Public Development, Temples, Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Swastik Towers and Neighborhood change to larger apartments; The inside
October 7, 2012

This image depicts the inside of Swastic Towers, specifically on the 5th floor. The outside of Swastik towers is spotless, with vibrant plants and trash free lawns. But the inside of the building was another story-the 5th floor was dingy, and dusty. The potted plants which were so well maintained outside were dead here, obviously put up by the hotel but never maintaine. There was a soft glow from the day, but it did nothing more then reflect the shadows of dirt and dust. (more...)

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Re)searching Swastik Towers and Neighborhood change to larger apartments; Grochery store
October 7, 2012

The first shop keeper I met with was Satish Gupta who owns one of the little grocery stores in the Swastik complex. When I asked him what kind-of relationship he had with them, he replied that when they call him, he either brings up food for them (whatever their purchasing for their groceries) or acts as an operator and connects them to another number. (more...)

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Re)searching Swastik Towers and Neighborhood change to larger apartments; The Pan shop
October 7, 2012

I then went to the local pan shop (which is only a few doors down from the apartments) to speak with Jagdish, who has owned the shop for 30 years. Which means that it is probably one of the oldest shops in this neighborhood and that he has seen the changes of the neighborhood. Jagdish, who seems much older then the first shop keeper I talked to, and has no teeth, is very popular with the local people. In the few minuets we spend talking to him, he serves 20 customers. (more...)

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Re)searching Swastik Towers and Neighborhood change to larger apartments; Great height and out of place
October 7, 2012

Swastik towers stretches far above the normal height of the neighborhood stores and houses—indeed, towering over everything. The structure sits a fair amount of yards or meters back from the road (due to laws enforced by the city which aims to keep good sunlight and airflow on the streets despite the sky scrapers).

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Re)searching Swastik Towers and Neighborhood change to larger apartments; the fence and the paradise within the city
October 7, 2012

The large gate, huge fences and guard indicate that the people within Swastik Towers feel unsafe in the neighborhood, that they feel the need to keep out the neighborhood inhabitants. This is apparent because if one was open to people just dropping by as is customary to Varanasi culture, they would not have a guard who denies access to those not pre approved.

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Re)searching Swastik Towers and Neighborhood change to larger apartments; Traditional homes
October 7, 2012

Pictured here is a neighborhood nearby Swastik towers, a very contrasting image to the high-rise flats. Here is where one of the Nirman Didi's lives. During our conversation she said that the people who live in the apartments are “outsiders” as were the builders. This indicates that these people spend little to no time in the community. (more...)

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Women and Education in Banaras: NIRMAN South Point School
October 7, 2012

NIRMAN is an alternative school that strives to bring modern education to students of various different socioeconomic backgrounds. While my interviews took place with adult women and primarily their own education, we also discussed the education of younger women in their own family. I wanted to feature women of various different economic statuses, and because NIRMAN has women working both as educators, cooks and housekeepers, it served as the perfect jumping off point for my interviews.

tags: Education, Development, Gender Issues, Social Development, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Women and Education in Banaras: Manyata
October 7, 2012

Manyata, one of my informants, is a full time cook at the NIRMAN South Point School. Outside of work, she takes advantage of classes provided by the school specifically for staff members. Through these classes she has begun to learn the Hindi alphabet and basics of the digestive system. Two of her six grandchildren attend the school as well.

tags: Education, Development, Gender Issues, Social Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Women and Education in Banaras: Meera
October 7, 2012

Meera came to NIRMAN fourteen years ago to help her husband in supporting their six children. By working, she was able to put all of her children through at least high school. She is particularly proud of her youngest daughter, who continued on to pursue a Bachelor's Degree and is now teaching at a nearby private school.

tags: Education, Development, Gender Issues, Social Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Women and Education in Banaras: Rani and her Husband
October 7, 2012

Rani was the one woman's home that I was able to visit during my research. As a cook at NIRMAN, she is the sole provider for her family. Rani is the mother of two daughters, who both attained some schooling at a nearby municipal schools. They were sent to the municipal school primarily because it was free and nearby, making it affordable and convenient. Today they live in different parts of Banaras with their respective husbands.

tags: Education, Development, Gender Issues, Social Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Romantic Relationships and Public Space in Banaras: Banaras Hindu University
October 7, 2012

This is a photograph of one of the gates into BHU. BHU provided an interesting context for my research because it is one of the few places in Banaras where romantic relationships between young people are somewhat publicly accepted. As a place centered around modernity (with an added emphasis on traditional education) and youth, this place acts as an intersection between traditional and modern values that lacks familial influence.

tags: Education, Development, Private Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Romantic Relationships and Public Space in Banaras: A Young Couple at BHU
October 7, 2012

This photograph contrasts with the photo I took of another couple at Ravidas Park. The couple is out in the open on the BHU campus, something that isn't seen in most of Banaras. Couples like these are littered around the campus. I wish that I had the time to research how the public views BHU for these reasons and how the BHU community interacts with the greater Banaras community.

tags: Education, Development, Social Development, Private Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Romantic Relationships and Public Space in Banaras: A Young Couple at Ravidas Park
October 7, 2012

This photo was taken of a young couple who are hiding in the bushes at Ravidas Park. Relationships like these are looked down upon by older generations because young people are not expected to have romantic relationships until marriage. Thus young couples are forced to find private and secretive ways of pursuing these relationships.

tags: Development, Social Development, Private Development, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Romantic Relationships and Public Space in Banaras: Love Hiding in the Bushes
October 7, 2012

This picture shows my first impression of Ravidas Park and it's uses for young people in Banaras. If you look closely, you can see the backs of couples sitting in the bushes, hidden from public view. Couples like these were scattered all over the park which is what spurned my interest in public space and young romance. These young people are usually of a higher class and around the ages of 15 to 23. (more...)

tags: Education, Development, Social Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Romantic Relationships and Public Space in Banaras: Ladies at Ravidas Park
October 7, 2012

I took this photograph at my first visit to Ravidas Park close to Assi Ghat. A group of Indian women were hanging out at the park, gossiping and playing on the seesaws. This photo exemplifies how it is socially acceptable for same sex groups to spend time together in public, but couples are forced to hide. It's also just a great picture of some Indian women having fun.

tags: Development, Gender Issues, Social Development, Neighborhood Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching skin color in Banaras - title of beauty salon in Lanka
October 7, 2012

This beauty parlor is tucked away in shopping center in Lanka. In Banaras most salons are sex-specific. The name of this salon demonstrates a very specific marketing strategy - obviously fair skin must be something desirable if that's how this salon is presenting itself to the public. (more...)

tags: Gender Issues, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)seaching skin color in Banaras - companions and informants at BHU
October 7, 2012

My two companions, Amrita and Vandana, who are teachers at Nirman, at Banaras Hindu University Women's College. We went to the women's college because it provided many young women to interview about beauty and skin color. We asked questions about their beauty practices and feelings about the media in India. Many women wished their skin was lighter, but we're uncomfortable admitting to this. We were eventually asked to leave the premises, for reasons that are still unknown.

tags: Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching skin color in Banaras - ad for Fair and Lovely
October 7, 2012

This ad for the most popular skin-whitening cream in India was found in the women's magazine Femina. The readership is mostly young, upperclass women. This image clearly presents a positive transformation from dark to light - playing on light/dark metaphors and having the dark in the background and in shadow. Many other ads made these comparisons. (more...)

tags: Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching skin color in Banaras - the glowing ideal
October 7, 2012

Another skin-whitening cream ad found in Femina. (more...)

tags: Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Skin Color in Banaras - the product on the shelf
October 7, 2012

This tube of fairness cream was found on the shelf of what otherwise appeared to be a tourist shop (full of trinkets, postcards, and jewelry). It was interesting that even here there was reason to stock whitening cream. Do foreigners want to try this? Is it marketed to indian tourists in Banaras? It was interesting to see how normal it was - sitting among the other cosmetics and medicinal creams.

tags: Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching astrology in Banares: Astrologer PhD Virendra Pandey, Assi
October 7, 2012

Virendra Pandey received his PhD in Sanskrit from Banares Hindu University, and has been a practicing astrologer for 10 years. Virendra only reads kundlis, or birth charts, and does not believe in palm reading, which is what many in Banares stereotypically associate with astrology. Customers come to him seeking advice about marriage, children, health, and wealth. (more...)

tags: Development, Social Development, Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching astrology in Banares: Kundli, Assi
October 7, 2012

Here is an example of the inside of a Kundli, or astrological birth chart. The Hindi on the top and bottom of the pages consist of Ganesha mantras or prayers (Ganesha is the Hindu elephant God of time, often prayed to before journeying) as Ganesha is on the cover of the Kundli. The blue on the charts are the mathematical results concerning the geometry of where the planets were in relation to where one was born at the time of birth. Each chart is geared towards a specific area of life. (more...)

tags: Development, Social Development, Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Researching weaver's Identity in Banaras; weaver's home
October 7, 2012

This is the home of one of the weavers I interviewed. I came here because I knew that it was the home of a weaver who has been sending his child to Nirman, and my research was looking at how education might affect a child's relationship to the weaving identity. It is a work and trade space. The home shows the living conditions and poverty that many artisans in Banaras reside. (more...)

tags: Education, Development, Social Development, Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Madanpura, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching astrology in Banares: Kundli cover, Assi
October 7, 2012

Here is the front of a Kundli, or astrological birth chart booklet. On the cover is an image of Ganesha, the Hindu elephant god of time and good travel. Ganesha is a relevant god to be on the cover as the inside of the Kundli shows one's past, present, and future. This also shows how astrology in Banares is strongly associated with Hinduism.

tags: Development, Social Development, Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Researching weaver's Identity in Banaras; handlooms
October 7, 2012

This picture shows the hand looms in a weaver's home. It is a work and trade space. The visual complexity in the hand loom helps to indicate the skill involved in weaving. The weaver I interviewed here told me he intimately knew how the machine works. He can take it apart and put it back together again all by himself. He said that weaving schools that have popped up in Banaras do not provide this level of knowledge; it is something you learn from generations of accumulated expertise. (more...)

tags: Education, Development, Social Development, Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Madanpura, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching weaver's Identity in Banaras; work versus school
October 7, 2012

The first weaver I talked to showed me this place. It is a work and trade space--a place with numerous hand looms, all occupied by young adults or older children. This weaver was the one who first got me interested in the family and educational aspects of weaving. He talked about how he learned weaving, and how many learn weaving from their fathers. He also said that he sent his child to Nirman because he wanted him to be a doctor and to earn a lot of money. (more...)

tags: Education, Development, Social Development, Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Madanpura, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching weaver's Identity in Banaras; silk market corridors
October 7, 2012

This picture shows a work and trade space. This is where wholesale marketing of silk takes place. This was an important place for me to go in my research because it helped me to see what identities might be imposed on the weavers by others (and how many of these stereotypes the weaver might adopt as part of their personal view of their identity). (more...)

tags: Development, Social Development, Private Development, Poverty/Wealth, Financial Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Chowk, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching weaver's Identity in Banaras; the neighboring artisan community
October 7, 2012

This is a work and trade space. I wanted to explore the artisan community surrounding the weaver I interviewed in order to place him in a larger context. The neighborhood helped to show me the poverty many of the artisans of Banaras live in. The wood workers shown here were working at night--many of the artisans work very long hours in order to make a small amount of money. The neighborhood also taught me about the artist's working space. (more...)

tags: Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching cows in Banaras: Ajay the milk man
October 7, 2012

Ajay runs a small dairy operation in Assi Ghat. He owns 70 cows and buffaloes, and milks them twice each day. The bovines spend the rest of their time rummaging through the streets of Banaras and find their way back to Ajay's for food and clean(er) water.

tags: Environment, Development, Food Security, Private Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching cows in Banaras: Cows cool off in the shade
October 7, 2012

Ajay lives with his extended family beside the bovines. The farm has been in the same location in the same family for at least three generations. Ajay claimed that he has kept the same practices as his ancestors and continues to use unprocessed feed, despite the emergence of more expensive fortified formulas for his cows and buffaloes.

tags: Environment, Development, Food Security, Social Development, Private Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Durga Puja Pandal
October 7, 2012

The Durga Puja sweeps the neighborhoods of Varanasi every year and invites Banarasis to join in on the festivities late into the night for one week. The city becomes full of life as temporary temples, pandals, gather flocks of Hindus to admire their display of intricately adorned dieties. The festival celebrates when the Hindu goddess Durga was invited back home.

tags: Development, Neighborhood Development, Festivals, Varanasi, Pandals, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Aum Cafe
October 7, 2012

This cafe, located near Assi Ghat in Varanasi, was a prime location to conduct my research about the varieties of foreigners in India. The ambiance caters to those people from Europe, Israel and America who are seeking an idealistic version of "spiritual India," and want to escape the grittier reality on the streets. Its Californian owner, Shivani, has a rather low opinion of the locals and their dirtier habits, but loves Hindu theology and cosmology. (more...)

tags: Development, Social Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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The Kautilya Society for Intercultural Exchange
October 7, 2012

This guest house is located near Mushi Ghat in Varanasi, and provides foreigners with a comfortable abode for a reasonable price. People can stay for up to a year, but usually only stay for a week at most. They host people from all over the world, including many European countries like France, Germany, Spain, Belgium, England and Switzerland, as well as many Asian countries like Japan and Korea. (more...)

tags: Development, Social Development, Varanasi, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Darren at Nirman
October 7, 2012

Here is our friend Darren, from Kalamazoo University in Wisconsin, who along with four other students, shared the space at the Nirman school with us LC students during our stay in Varanasi. I interviewed him for my research because he seemed to be very well-adjusted to the new culture, with a proficiency at Hindi and an interest in embracing all the strange and scary new elements of a foreign culture. (more...)

tags: Education, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Hampi
October 7, 2012

Is preservation or reconstruction a better way to represent this statue? There is what the statue looked like during the height of the Vijayanagara Empire, and there is what the statue looked like after the Muslims razed the city. The group in charge of presenting Hampi must deliberate and take action on this question. What they chose to do was reconstruct parts of it. They reconstructed the mouth and face of the statue, as well as repositioned its legs. (more...)

tags: Politics, Development, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Mughal Empire, Historic Delhi

location: Hampi, Karnataka, India

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Housing at VGKK School
October 7, 2012

This modern school provides a unique education for the Soligas children. It teaches in the Canada dialect of the region and incorporates indigenous knowledge (of plants, religion, and practices) into it's curriculum. Many of the students live too far away to commute every day so they've provided these dorm like structures to house the students. (more...)

tags: Education, Environment, Development, Social Development, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Karnataka, India

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Bengaluru
October 7, 2012

This is a scene from downtown Bengaluru on MG road. The street is lined with international commerical industries such as Addidas, Mcdonalds, Levi's, Subway, etcetera. The plethora of these stores shows how Bangalore has grown into a economic and social epicenter that represents India on a global scale.

tags: Development, Social Development, Neighborhood Development, Private Development, Poverty/Wealth, Financial Development, Public Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Advertising, Culture and Religion

location: Bangalore, Karnataka, India

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Waste Disposal, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
October 7, 2012

This is the waste management center at the Christian Medical College in Vellore. The waste management program here was designed off of a zero-waste integrated waste management design but has since strayed from the path. The hospital processes 3 tons of food, industrial, and medical waste a day. Sorting of plastics and other materials is rudimentary at best and the working conditions are far from ideal. (more...)

tags: Health, Environment, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Population Impact, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

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Researching Ayurveda in Modern-day Banaras: Banaras Hindu University
October 7, 2012

This is an assistant professor of a section of Ayurveda (Kriya Shareer or Physiology) at Banaras Hindu University. The professor was able to give me the background into my project. He had a strong faith in Ayurveda and its ability to improve the health of a person with low impact methods. The professor was helpful with giving me information about the concept of the body in, how Ayurveda is taught, and its interaction with western medicine. (more...)

tags: Education, Health, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Researching Ayurveda in Modern-day Banaras: Ayurvedic Garden, Banaras Hindu University
October 7, 2012

I visited the Ayurvedic Garden hoping to learn a little about Ayurvedic plants and meet a potential informant. The garden is very new; it was started in 2010. Faculty have spent the past four years collecting seeds, and there are now over 200 medicinal plant species inside the garden. The whole garden is over 100 acres. It is used for educational purposes as well as possibly used to make medicines for the Ayurvedic clinic on campus. (more...)

tags: Health, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Researching Ayurveda in Modern-day Banaras: Doctor of Ayurveda, Sparsa CentreClinic
October 7, 2012

This is the owner of Sparsa Center located in Assi. As the main practioner of what seemed to be a profitable Ayurveda center, the doctor was helpful in talking about Ayurveda in general, his personal history with Ayurveda, his perceptions of Ayurveda in Banaras, and about his clinic in particular. Talking with me for about an hour, he was willing to give lengthly responses, answering many of the questions that lingered during my research. (more...)

tags: Health, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Researching Ayurveda in Modern-day Banaras: Aloe Vera in Assi
October 7, 2012

For part of my research, I went to Assi Ghat to interview residents of Banaras about their interaction and opinion of Ayurveda. There I managed to interview a student at Banaras Hindu University and an english teacher living in Assi. During my questions they kept refering to Ayurveda as a sign entity and both seem confused to as why I was asking questions about this particular subject. (more...)

tags: Health, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Indian Green Service: Vellore
October 7, 2012

This is a photograph of the Christian Medical College in Vellore. It is one of the sites that the Indian Green Service was involved with during it's project on waste management. IGS stopped working with CMC a few years ago and the difference between this project and some of the other projects that were going on currently was astounding. (more...)

tags: Health, Environment, Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

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Worker's Rights Training
October 7, 2012

The women photographed here are participants in a YIP training regarding the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). The act ensures that if asked for, an unemployed person without land will receive work for 100 days and receive 120 rupees payment per day. While there are requirements as far as participants for the training to be valid, the leader of YIP and this particular training, Narinder Bedi, is adamant that women are represented as well as men.

tags: Education, Politics, Development, Poverty/Wealth, Financial Development, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Penukonda, Andhra Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Dance Education in Banaras: Nirman's lecture room
October 7, 2012

I spent the first week of my research interviewing the Nirman staff about their experiences with dance in this room (normally more put together than the picture seen here). Many of the teachers had either taken or taught some type of class. It took me till my third interview to realize I was not looking in the right place - these people appreciated dance, but they didn't conceptualize it past enjoying the hobby it provided.

tags: Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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School for Soligas
October 7, 2012

These girls attend the elementary-turned upper level boarding school we visited in BR Hills that Dr. Sudarshan created. We sang our respective national anthems for each other, talked about what classes they like best (history was their current subject), and about their family lives.

tags: Education, Health, Environment, Development, Social Development, Neighborhood Development, Poverty/Wealth, Population Impact, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Mysore, Karnataka, India

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(Re)searching Dance Education in Banaras: Kathak Class at BHU
October 7, 2012

Kathak is one of India's eight traditional dance forms, originating in Uttar Pradesh (northern India). Like most forms of traditional dance, most Kathak dances tell a story. It is characterized by the rhythmic stomping of the feet on which chains of bells are wrapped. The sound created is very loud and quite entrancing. This experience was very helpful, I was able to watch part of a Kathak class. (more...)

tags: Theatre, Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Dance in Banaras: BHU's dance studios
October 7, 2012

The classrooms in BHU's dance program are wide, open rooms with clean, smooth floors and bright windows. Propped against the walls are large mirrors in which the students can practice, and pictures and explanations for India's eight classical dances sit atop those. This was the best day for my research - I met with two of BHU's three dance professors. I was very comfortable conducting my interviews here - this dance studio felt very much like the dance studios I have spent time in at home!

tags: Theatre, Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Researching Ayurveda in Modern-day Banaras: Swasthya Vardhak Ayurvedic Centre
October 7, 2012

I found this clinic while walking around Ravindrapuri. Inside, I was able to talk to the manager of this branch of Swasthya Vardhak. He is involved in the marketing and manufacturing of Ayurvedic medicine. He managed to give me insight into the Western perception of Ayurveda. Sounding almost like a commercial for Ayurveda medicine, he was slightly aggressive in trying to convince me that Western medicine is bad and Ayurveda obviously works because of its long history in India. (more...)

tags: Health, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Christian Medical College, Vellore
October 7, 2012

This picture shows the hundreds of plastic bags along the wall, and covering the pathway. CMC loosely practices the waste management model proposed by Mr. Srinivasan. His model entails sorting all pieces of waste into different categories. Although this trash has clearly been sorted, because it is mostly plastic bags, this picture shows a large problem. Rather than being neatly sorted away, the plastic bags cover a large area. (more...)

tags: Environment, Development, Social Development, Ecosystems: Balance and Imbalance, Population Impact

location: Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

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BR Hills Tribals
October 7, 2012

At our jungle resort in a region called the BR Hills (4-5 hour bus ride away from Mysore), we observed/participated in a traditional tribal dance. We and the other guests at the resort, Indians from various cities, watched as the local boys of about ages 10-15 changed out of their t-shirts and jeans and into their loincloths and wreaths and started dancing. (more...)

tags: Education, Environment, Development, Social Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Social Issues/Civil Society, Music, Theatre, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities

location: Mysore, Karnataka, India

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(Re)searching Dance in Banaras: BHU's curriculum
October 7, 2012

I found this schedule during my visit to BHU. The dance program has three teachers that, combined, instruct classes in six of India's traditional dance styles. The school does not focus on modern dance styles like Bollywood. This helped to secure my familiarity with Indian dance education - I had imagined it to be more mystic and all-consuming than it is at BHU. Students have regular class schedules that leave ample room for taking other, unrelated courses.

tags: Theatre, Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching astrology in Banares: Lajjwati Sharma, Assi
October 7, 2012

Sharmaji conducted research with Professor Nita Kumar, which was how I was introduced to her. She was my inside connection and compass in Assi, leading me to my interviewees for my astrology research. She does not go to the astrologer personally.

tags: Education, Development, Social Development, Private Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Dance in Banaras: BHU's dance program
October 7, 2012

Nirman school's music instructor introduced me to Vidhi Nagar and Hombalji, two of BHU's dance instructors. I discussed with them their histories and experiences with dance and their outlook on dance and dance education in the future. These were the most important conversations I had, previously I had doubted whether I would find what I was looking for - those who regard dance as an education in and of itself. (more...)

tags: Theatre, Varanasi, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching astrology in Banares: The house and office entrance of Astrologer PhD Virendra Pandey, Assi
October 7, 2012

Virendra Pandey works out of his home. The sign above the door advertises his service, even though most of his customers are regulars.

tags: Development, Social Development, Neighborhood Development, Private Development, Financial Development, Advertising, Varanasi, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Christian Medical College Waste Management (Implemented by IGS: India Green Service), Vellore
October 7, 2012

CMC is facing many problems as a workplace and towards IGS' goal of turning "trash into gold". The small area and amount of workers with large amounts of daily incoming medical waste cause build- up. Much of the waste is non-recyclable. Anybody who comes to take recyclable materials for their benefit must also take the same amount of non-recyclable materials to dispose of.

tags: Health, Environment, Development, Social Development, Poverty/Wealth, Financial Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Vellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

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Mysore marketplace
October 7, 2012

This photo depicts the market place of Mysore. The market place, which is bustling with older Indian women, is full of stands of colored powder. The powder is used to decorate the ground in front of Indian homes. The women weave intricate designs, each woman using different designs (usually passed down from her mother). These designs are done once a week, and are used to welcome visitors into their homes.

tags: Environment, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Culture and Religion

location: Mysore, Karnataka, India

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DSCN6291
October 7, 2012

This statue is worlds largest Nandi Bull. These fertility bulls always overlook the Shiva Linga which is a representation of Shiva's masculinity and femininity. He is overlooking the Shiva Linga of the Vijayanagar. It is said that if you circle this bull 6 times then you become so fertile that the next time you try for children, you become immediately pregnant. Alicia and I circled this bull 5 times. It was nice enough as a stroll but not taking any chances.

tags: Environment, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes, Temples, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities

location: Vijayanagar, Karnataka, India

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(Re)searching Environmental Education for Kids in Banares: Children's Textbook
October 7, 2012

This picture was taken of my host family's daughter's school book. I spent the majority of my time in Varanasi studying environmental education in India. I thought this table of contents was interesting because it shows the breadth of topics that the children are learning.

tags: Education, Environment, Development, Social Development, Neighborhood Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Public Development, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Environmental Education in Banares: School Classroom at Nirman
October 7, 2012

It was difficult taking pictures that pertained to my topic because I worked almost exclusively with children every day and you cannot put up pictures of kids. So i took a picture of the classroom where i conducted my environmental survey to the children. There are always two classes going on at once with two teachers so it was definitely a challenge getting all their attention in that small upper room.

tags: Education, Environment, Development, Neighborhood Development, Private Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching Environmental Education in Banaras: School classroom in Nirman
October 7, 2012

This is a photo of Katie Jo Walter walking into Nirman school. Nirman means construction which was always funny because the school was under construction the entire time we stayed there. Slowly they implemented serene sitting areas out in nature. The students are taught to go out and observe nature.

tags: Education, Environment, Development, Social Development, Neighborhood Development, Private Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Public Development, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Researching Performing Arts Education: Classical Theater and Music
October 7, 2012

Indian classical music has been passed down from generation to generation as an oral history and tradition. Raghs or classical compositions are oral histories that derive from sections of ancient Indian epics like the Ramayun. Originally, musicians mastered their instruments (sitar, harmonium, tabla, vocals etc) in the Guru-Shishya system. In this system (formerly used for all apprenticeships) musicians would live at their guru’s home to learn from them at all hours. (more...)

tags: Education, Social Issues/Civil Society, Music, Varanasi, Culture and Religion

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Researching Resource Dilemmas: Sustainable Agriculture at Navdanya Farm
October 7, 2012

This is a small herbal garden outside of Navdanya, a sustainable agriculture research center and farm outside Dehra Dun. Navdanya, separheaded by environmental activist Vandana Shiva, seeks to educate farmers toward participating in organic farming rather than the government subsidized pesticides. (more...)

tags: Education, Environment, Development, Food Security, Ecosystems: Balance and Imbalance, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Population Impact, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

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Researching Development: Globalization in Bangalore
October 7, 2012

Bangalore is now the IT capital of India with its sights on being the Silicon Valley of South East Asia. The emergence of global software companies has created this center for “Western” name brand shops, calls centers, multiplexes and University education. Students migrate here to find jobs in engineering or in the computer sciences.

tags: Education, Development, Financial Development, Public Development, Social Issues/Civil Society, Advertising, Culture and Religion

location: Bangalore, Karnataka, India

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Narasimha Statue in Hampi
October 7, 2012

This is a statue of Narasimha, the fourth avatar of Vishnu, located in Hampi. After the invasion of the Mughal Empire, many of the Hindu temples and statues were destroyed. This statue was found in pieces when the Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority (HWHAMA) undertook the project of reconstructing the statue. The legs, belt, and arms were found in pieces and reassembled. (more...)

tags: Art & Photography, Culture and Religion

location: Hampi, Karnataka, India

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Researching Artisan Communities: Banaras Granite Business
October 7, 2012

Varanasi, also known as Banaras, is a pre-industrial city popularly known as a pilgrimage site for many religion. However, Varanasi is also home to many artisan communities specializing in silk weaving, stone work and wood work. The city itself seems to be organized in different districts from exploring the lanes of wood cutters making Russian dolls, and another where you can here the rhythm of the looms weaving saris. (more...)

tags: Development, Social Development, Financial Development, Public Development, Varanasi, Art & Photography, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Young India Project, Andhra Pradesh
October 7, 2012

While the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), implemented in 2005, provides much-needed labor to the rural poor, some are also claiming that the government scheme is hurting local landowners who must compete with the government for low-wage agricultural laborers. At this farm mango trees and other crops are fed by rain collected in trenches dug by MGNREGA workers, who can earn up to Rs.121 for each day of work.

tags: Development, Social Development, Poverty/Wealth, Financial Development, NGO Development, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Andhra Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching cows in Banaras: Buffaloes chained for their daily milking
October 7, 2012

While he has less bovines than Ajay, Ashish sells a larger amount of milk since he acts as a middleman for larger dairy operations outside of Banaras. The outside of his facility is completely nondescript and he told me that he relies solely on mouth-to-mouth advertisement for his business.

tags: Environment, Development, Food Security, Neighborhood Development, Private Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching cows in Banaras: A curious face emerges from Ashish's dairy in Assi Ghat
October 7, 2012

Ashish is unique in that he kept his animals indoors. The smell was overwhelming the first time I stepped into the dark interior of the complex as flies swarmed around piles of dung and one cow nearly urinated on my foot. Ashish's family lives upstairs in the same building as the bovine.

tags: Environment, Development, Food Security, Private Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching cows in Banaras: Calves wait for their mothers to be done being milked
October 7, 2012

The bovines must be impregnanted every year in order for them to continue lactating and remain profitable. For milking the cows and buffaloes Ajay allows takes place and space into careful consideration. He allows the calves to drink their mother's milk for a short time before pulling them away and tying or chaining them up within sight of their mothers while he collects the milk to sell.

tags: Environment, Development, Social Development, Private Development, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability, Population Impact, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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YIP Post-Training Session
October 7, 2012

One of the main components of YIP's (Young India Project) mission is to train workers of their rights under the MGNREGA which includes the right to demand work within 15 days and the right to shade, water, medical supplies, and child care. This particular photo portrays individuals from a local village post-training session. Now that they have the knowledge to sucessfully demand their rights, they are in the process of forming a union which will ensure these rights are delivered.

tags: Education, Politics, Development, Social Development, Poverty/Wealth, Social Issues/Civil Society

location: Andhra Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching school disciplinary measures in Banaras: Prakmikahya Vidyalay School
October 7, 2012

Pictured here, the municipal school Level 4 (on left with her daughter below) and 5 teachers were my main informants for this portion of my research. Both worked for the school for under a year and have husbands who are in government positions, which may or may not reveal something about their understanding and style of discipline.

tags: Education, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching school disciplinary measures in Banaras: Prakmikahya Vidyalay School
October 7, 2012

My first and last encounters at the local municipal school were with the Principle who graciously let me sit in on classes but said little. Working for the school for just under two years, according to the teachers, he had a very hands-off role in implementing discipline. Only if problems could not be solved in the classroom would they be introducted to the principle.

tags: Education, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching school disciplinary measures in Banaras: Prakmikahya Vidyalay School
October 7, 2012

This picture depicts the inside of the 4th and 5th standard classroom. It is dark inside as there are no lights. One blue table sit in the middle of the room and children eagerly hover around them as there are no chairs. A few books are scattered around the tables though none of them are open. The walls are littered with various posters such as the ABCs, body parts, and numbers. (more...)

tags: Education, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching school disciplinary measures in Banaras: Prakmikahya Vidyalay School
October 7, 2012

Once inside, a large unkempt area with some branches and debris is immediately visible. The lack of any sort of play structure is also instantaneously noticeable. Had there not been a couple of children running around, it would have been questionable whether or not the school was currently in use. The main building is white with green stripes on the outside, though it is not pure white and it seems it has accumulated a bit of dirt as time went on.

tags: Education, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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(Re)searching school disciplinary measures in Banaras: Prakmikahya Vidyalay School
October 7, 2012

Often times, children would be running around outside of the classrooms for no apparent reason other than they needed to use up some energy. This reflects a lack of discipline on part of the teachers. However, at the same time the children are given more responsibility to take breaks when they feel necessary. The principles office, the closed door pictured, was often closed as he was out on "official business".

tags: Education, Social Issues/Civil Society, Varanasi, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Green for Good Luck
October 7, 2012

This parrot, which is illegal to keep in captivity, was hung outside one of the weavers' workplace in Banaras to bring good luck and protection to the workers. This notion of placing some sort of talisman outside for good luck and/or protection can be seen all over India. In Delhi, the chili and lime combination was placed over shops in order to ward off the evil eye.

tags: Environment, Ecosystems: Balance and Imbalance, Varanasi, Culture and Religion, Varanasi Neighborhood Culture

location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Flowers for Sale
October 7, 2012

Located just outside of Navdanya Farms in Dehradun, this greenhouse was one of two in the area which contained flowers that were grown and later sold for weddings. This farm was receiving help from Navdanya. However, they are not officially organic. When asked whether or not they used pesticides, they claimed they did not. Though, upon walking outside an empty bottle of pesticides was clearly visible. (more...)

tags: Environment, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

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Old Delhi Hustle
October 7, 2012

Situated atop Jama Masjid, this photo depicts the chaos and clutter of Old Delhi, the capital of the Mughals until the end of their dynasty. It seems every bit of space is used resourcefully and with little rhyme or reason. The wall around the mosque creates a sense of isolation and provides a place of sanctuary from the outside chaos.

tags: Mosques, Mughal Empire, Historic Delhi, Culture and Religion, Delhi and Modernity

location: New Delhi, Delhi, India

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Forest Walk
October 10, 2011

This photo is of the forest that lays just beyond the border of the Navdanya seed farm, outside Dehradun, and is home to many different sorts of creatures. Although this experience revealed very little about India's politics or religions, the wilderness nevertheless tells us an interesting story about an India lost in history and rarely seen by tourists. (more...)

tags: Environment, Ecosystems: Balance and Imbalance, Natural Inhabitants and Landscapes

location: Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

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DSCN0636
September 24, 2011

The grain fields of Navdanya farm stretched far and wide, they are their main source of seed and come in many varieties- a lesson they teach all their farmers. Because the more varieties of crop you have, the more food security you have. If one crop fails, then you have others to fall back on.

tags: Environment, Food Security, Environmental Ethics and Sustainability

location: Dehra, Bihar, India

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P1050165
September 21, 2011

Waiting for the evening Aarti on the banks of the River Ganga in Haridwar, India. Haridwar is primarily a pilgrimage site for many families to take a holy dip in the river and perform puja.

tags: Development, Public Development, Temples, Rituals, Culture and Religion, Religious movements/communities

location: Hardwar, Uttarakhand, India

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P1050102
September 17, 2011

This marketplace in Old Delhi is one road of the many chaotic twisting lanes of spices, nuts, soaps, beads and lots of food. Taken from the steps of the Jama Masjid, the lanes and markets surround this giant mosque.

tags: Environment, Development, Neighborhood Development, Population Impact, Mosques, Delhi Sultanate, Mughal Empire, Historic Delhi, Culture and Religion, Delhi and Modernity, Delhi Neighborhood Culture

location: New Delhi, Delhi, India

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